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China's fluorine chemical industry: the important policy implications
As spring in 2017, west the CCM special finishing the fluorine chemical industry in China in the past 2016 year facing the important policy implications, mainly including: fluorite resource tax reform, containing fluorine refrigerant replacement, anti-dumping and trade industry development planning.
1. Reform of fluorite resource tax
On July 1, 2016, the fluorite resource tax was officially changed from the quantity (20 yuan/ton) to the price, and the tax rate was 1-6%. The tax basis will be sold by the original mine and adjusted for sales of the original and concentrate (or raw ore processed products).
At the same time, the state government departments will clean up the related fee fund for mineral resources and strengthen preferential tax policies. Ximei CCM thinks this will help reduce the burden of domestic fluorite enterprises and help the fluorite market to recover.
2. Replace with fluorine refrigerant
In January 2016, China's 2016 hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) production quotas and quotas were redistributed. In contrast to the 10% cut in 2015, the CCM found that the domestic HCFCs production quota in 2016 was unchanged from 2015. Among them, the production quota of difluorochloromethane (hcfc-22), monofluorocarbon (hcfc-141b) and difluoroethane (hcfc-142b) was 274,279 tons, 66,313 tons and 22,845 tons respectively.
However, in 2016, as the first phase of China's HCFCs phase ii elimination, the country will be able to eliminate 35 percent of the target in the next five years, but it is only temporary that the production quota will be flat.
In terms of quota, the use quota of the refrigeration and air conditioning industry and polyurethane foam industry in 2016 was lower than that in 2015: the hcfc-22 in the refrigeration and air conditioning industry USES a quota of 67,059 tons, a year-on-year decline of 8.83%, the use of hcfc-141b in polyurethane foam was 2,665 tons, down by 27.25 percent year on year
At the end of August 2016, the environmental protection international cooperation center (FECO) released a new version of the recommended list of key substitutes for hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) (first batch). According to this paper, on the west the CCM think natural refrigerant substance will be dominant on the way to the future of HCFCs replacement, including propane (R290), isobutane (R600a), carbon dioxide (R477), ammonia (R717) and cyclopentane, etc.
On October 10, 2016, the Montreal protocol 28 times the conference of the parties in the rwandan capital Kigali, the representatives meeting to discuss and passed on to cut HFC (HFCs) protocol amendment.
The adoption of the amendment is a wake-up call for the domestic HFCs industry, according to the CCM. Domestic HFCs manufacturers need to accelerate existing capacity optimization, eliminate idle capacity, and realize the efficiency of the reduction. It will be a top priority for the later development of the new type of replacement: the r&d investment of HFOs. At the same time, we can foresee the emergence of natural industrial refrigerants, which will erode the market share of HFCs over the next few years.
On November 27, 2016, the 77th meeting of the multilateral fund executive committee of the Montreal protocol was held in Montreal, Canada. China submitted four hydrogen CFCS (HCFCs) consumer industries (industrial and commercial refrigeration and air conditioning industry, room air conditioner industry and extrusion polystyrene foam, polyurethane foam industry industry) the second phase of elimination are approved by management plan.
This coupled with the approval of the 76th meeting of the refrigeration maintenance industry and the cleaning industry plan, China's HCFCs phase ii elimination management plan will receive more than $500 million in multilateral funding.
3. Trade anti-dumping
August 5, 2016, the United States international trade commission (USITC) sent to the ministry of commerce (USDC) about Chinese HFC (HFCs) (mixture and its components) final verdict of anti-dumping cases.
Among them, the USITC has made a qualitative final decision on the import of HFC mixtures from China. The determination of the antidumping industry to the component of HFC monomer.
Therefore, the United States will impose anti-dumping duties on Chinese HFC mixtures in the later stages, while the components of HFC will not be implemented.
HFC mixtures including: R404A (by five three fluorine fluorine ethane (HFC - 125)/ethane (HFC - 143 - a)/say - four fluorine ethane (HFC - 134 - a) mixed), R407A (by methylene fluoride (HFC - 32)/HFC - 125 / HFC - 134 - a mixed), R407C (HFC - 32 / HFC - 125 / HFC - 134 - a mixed), etc.;
HFC monomer components include: hfc-32, hfc-125, hfc-143a, etc
At the end of September 2016, USDC made a preliminary anti-dumping investigation against imports of 1,1,1, 2-tetrafluoroethane (hfc-134a) of China, and the margin of dumping was 137.23-188.94%. But then, in December 2016, the USDC revised the initial anti-dumping investigation on imports from China hfc-134a: the weighted average dumping margin of all Chinese exporters/producers rose to 232.30%.
At the same time, the USDC is expected to announce the final result in February 2017, while the USITC will make an industrial injury final in March 2017.
In the case of the hfc-134a, China still has a great hope to win the case. On the one hand, it is based on the previous successful experience, which helps the domestic hfc-134a manufacturers to better cope with the litigation. On the other hand, the combination of the domestic hfc-134a market in China this year will strengthen the determination of the industry to unite and actively answer the lawsuit.
Iv. Industrial development planning
In August of 2016, China's fluorine chemical industry "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in planning goal: established the industry over the next five years is China's fluorine chemical industry transformation and upgrading of the sprint phase, the industry will enhance our capacity for independent innovation, enhance the overall technical level of trade and high-end product development, extending industrial chain, the years 2020 to become a more reasonable industrial structure, development and risk response capacity has been a sharp increase in fluorine chemical power.
In particular, the downstream automobile, electronics, light industry, new energy, environmental protection, aerospace and other industries related to high value-added, high performance containing fluorine chemicals demand urgently, including high-end fluoropolymer, new refrigerant (hydrogen fluorine olefin (HFOs) series), containing fluorine meticulous chemicals, and fluoride coatings are larger development space.
On October 18, 2016, the ministry of industry and information technology of China officially released the development plan of petrochemical and chemical industry (2016-2020). Among them, the CCM of ximei focuses on the contents of the chemical industry in the development of innovative materials. The key information is as follows:
1. Advance the industrialization process of phenyl silicone monomer in fluorine materials industry; Key development of high-end fluorosilicone and rubber, fluorine-containing functional membrane materials and high quality fluorosilicon fine chemicals (high purity electronic chemicals), fluorosilicon surfactants, fluorosilicon intermediates, etc. Accelerate the development of low - global warming potential (GWP) - depleting substances (ODS) substitutes
2. Functional membrane materials industry developing high-end lithium battery diaphragm, flexible packaging film materials, polyvinyl fluoride (PVF) and poly (vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) back of proton exchange membrane and membrane, fluoride thin film transistor - liquid crystal display panels polaroid, etc
3. The development of the electronic chemical industry tablet display with liquid crystal (including fluorine liquid liquid liquid crystal intermediates); A new type of lithium salt, such as trifluorosulfonyl sulfonylamine (LiTFSI), is developed for lithium batteries, and new electrolytic solvents such as vinyl fluoride (FEC) are used. On December 19, 2016, China's state council issued the "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" national strategic emerging industry development planning ", the "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" period (2016-2020), China's strategic emerging industry development goals, major tasks and policy measures such as a comprehensive deployment schedule.
The CCM believes that the fluorine chemical industry is closely related to the strategic emerging industries and is expected to follow its rapid development and gain new driving forces. For example, the core component of new energy vehicles power lithium battery, and need a variety of containing fluorine chemical products, mainly including: poly (vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) lithium phosphate binder, PVDF coating, six fluorine (LiPF6), double trifluoro methane sulfonyl imide lithium (LiTFSI), etc.
In this paper, the author engaged in fluorine chemical industry of China and the lithium battery market research and consulting work for more than three years, the research field involved: fluorite, hydrofluoric acid, aluminum fluoride, fluoride refrigerants, fluoropolymer, containing fluorine meticulous chemicals; Lithium battery and its key materials (positive electrode materials, negative electrode materials, electrolyte, diaphragm), etc.

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